BPPV is a condition of the inner ear, caused by loose calcium carbonate crystals, moving from one part of the inner ear to another. It is one of the most common causes of dizziness. Patients with BPPV, experience short episodes of vertigo lasting less than a minute, often triggered by positional changes, such as lying down, looking up, and bending over.
This condition can be helped by vestibular rehabilitation, and if needed specific manouveres. Ultimately, medications such as Betahistine are not helpful for this condition.
Is a viral condition that causes acute failure of the inner ear balance system. Patients will experience severe vertigo, nausea, vomiting, and unsteadiness. The patient may be bed bound for a few days, but recovery will take place over a few weeks. Medications such as stemetil are helpful in calming the symptoms initially, but should be discontinued as soon as possible. Some people don't recover fully from labrynthitis, and vestibular rehabilitation, can help towards a fuller recovery.
Can result in dizziness and imbalance with or without headache. Nausea and light and sound sensitivity can also occur. People are prone to developing this condition if they have a strong family history or past history of migraine. Migrainous vertigo tends to affect younger to middle aged adults, females more than males. Treatment can consist of dietary advice, vestibular rehabilitation, and prophylactic medication ( not within the Physiotherapists scope of practice.
Post concussion dizziness
Post whiplash dizziness
PPPD – persistent postural perceptual dizziness